Nosebleed: Causes, Symptoms And Treatment

Dr. Amar Amale    26-08-2021 Consult

Nosebleed, otherwise called a bloody nose or a nasal haemorrhage is a common condition that affects numerous people of all age groups. The medical designation for this occurrence is epistaxis, derived from the Greek words "epi" meaning upon, addition and "stazein" implying dripping, which when combined as "epistazein", translates to bleeding from the nose, in both the Greek and Latin languages.

Bleeding from the nose is rather common not only in children between 3 to 10 years, who play outdoors every day and injure themselves often but also in adults, mostly because of environmental changes, inadvertent occurrences, leading to wounds.

Causes Of Nosebleeds
The predominant reason behind nosebleeds or epistaxis is extremely dry weather conditions outside, while constantly heating the inner surroundings within the home using a central temperature-controlled air supply device. This invariably leaves the tissues inside the nose completely parched, leading to crusting, itching, cracking and bleeding.

Furthermore, taking prescription medicines for common cold, allergies, sinusitis, such as antihistamines and decongestants, also leaves the internal cells in the nostrils devoid of moisture, drying out the nasal membranes and triggering nosebleeds.

The characteristic symptoms of nosebleed are continuous loss of blood from the nasal passages. At times, it occurs without any accompanying attributes, but in some cases, epistaxis can also prompt itching, irritation, peeling of the skin, crusting and drying up of tissues in the outer nose as well as interior nasal membranes, passages.

Minor nosebleeds can be rectified at home with some simple remedies. Sitting up erect, keeping the nostrils sealed, breathing via the mouth and leaning forwards for about 5 to 10 minutes helps stop nosebleeds. Applying a cold compress on the region of the nose outside, or spraying some nasal decongestant into the nostrils also aids in ceasing slight nosebleeds.