Muscular Cramps: Why and What can you do?

Dr. Richa Agarwal    22-03-2022 Consult

A muscle cramp occurs due to an involuntary contraction of a muscle. It can affect any muscle, but usually affects leg muscles. It can cause severe pain.

Why does it occur?

- Overuse of muscles
- Dehydration
- Pregnancy
- Mineral depletion
- Inadequate blood supply
- Nerve compression
- Underlying illness

Usually muscle cramps pass but you should see a doctor if:-

- You have severe discomfort
- There is leg swelling, redness or skin changes
- There is muscle weakness
- It happens frequently
- It doesn't improve with care

How to Prevent Muscle Cramps?

- Keep hydrated regularly
- Warm up muscles before exercise
- Use leg warmers on cold days
- Stretch and walk around for a few minutes if sitting for long periods

How to treat a Cramp?

- Stretch the affected muscle
- Massage the area well
- Use alternate heat and cold pads
- Slowly use the muscle to help circulation