Infertility Issues in Women

Dr. Richa Agarwal    22-11-2021 Consult

Infertility is a condition in which one cannot get pregnant (conceive). There are two types of infertility:?

- Primary infertility refers to couples who have not become pregnant after at least 1 year having sex without using birth control methods.
- Secondary infertility refers to couples who have been able to get pregnant at least once, but now are unable.

Causes of Infertility:

Many physical and emotional factors can cause infertility. It may be due to problems in the woman, man, or both.

Infertility in Females - 

Female infertility may occur when:

- A fertilized egg or embryo does not survive once it attaches to the lining of the womb (uterus).
- The fertilized egg does not attach to the lining of the uterus.
- The eggs cannot move from the ovaries to the womb.
- The ovaries have problems producing eggs.

Female infertility may be caused by:

- Autoimmune disorders, such as antiphospholipid syndrome (APS).
- Birth defects that affect the reproductive tract.
- Cancer or tumor.
- Clotting disorders.
- Diabetes.
- Drinking too much alcohol.
- Exercising too much.
- Eating disorders or poor nutrition.
- Growths (such as fibroids or polyps) in the uterus and cervix.
- Medicines such as chemotherapy drugs.
- Hormone imbalances.
- Obesity.
- Older age.
- Ovarian cysts and polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS).
- Pelvic infection or pelvic inflammatory disease (PID).
- Scarring from sexually transmitted infection, abdominal surgery or endometriosis.
- Smoking.
- Surgery to prevent pregnancy (tubal ligation) or failure of tubal ligation reversal (reanastomosis).
- Thyroid disease.