Importance of Electrolytes in our Body

Dr. Gulneer Puri    14-09-2020 Consult

Electrolytes are minerals that play an important role in the human body. The main electrolytes are magnesium, calcium, potassium, and chloride. Electrolytes also help in maintaining water level, controls body muscle movement and brain functioning. Due to the important functioning of electrolytes in the body, it is mandatory to have an adequate amount of electrolytes in the body to stay healthy. Here are some important electrolytes:

1. Calcium
Calcium is an important electrolyte that plays a major role in the body. It helps in maintaining strong bones, teeth and also nails. Moreover, the calcium stimulates muscle and nerve functioning. 

2. Sodium
The main function of electrolyte sodium is to maintain water content in the body. The sodium indicates to the kidney to retain or excrete water. Moreover, it also beneficial in nerve functioning.

3. Potassium
Electrolyte potassium plays an important role in maintaining the normal functioning of cells and also muscles. It also plays a major role in nerve signaling.

4. Magnesium
Magnesium helps to convert blood sugar into energy. Moreover, this electrolyte also keeps the immune system healthy and also strengthens bones.

5. Chloride
The chloride is an important electrolyte that maintains fluid balance in the cells. Mainly, this electrolyte found in a fluid outer layer of cells. 

What can cause electrolyte imbalance?

1. High temperatures and heatwaves
2. Kidney problems
3. Prolonged periods of vomiting or diarrhoea
4. Poor diet
5. Severe dehydration

A nutritious diet helps to prevent the shortage of electrolytes in the body. Moreover, consuming energy drinks after exercise may also reduce the impact of losing electrolytes.